Repeated Elements in Filamentous Fungi with a Focus on Wood-Decay Fungi
Claude Murat, Thibaut Payen, Denis Petitpierre,Jessy Labbé
2013 September 01 The Ecological Genomics of Fungi (ed F. Martin), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118735893.ch2
In the last decade, the genome of several dozen filamentous fungi have been sequenced. Recently, Raffaele and Kamoun (2012) highlighted that the genomes of several lineages of filamentous plant pathogens have been shaped by repeat-driven expansion. Repeated elements can be classified in two major types: satellites DNA and transposable elements (TEs). To gain information about the effect of TEs on wood decay fungi genome size and to investigate a putative link between life style and TE richness, the repeated elements were characterized in these genomes. This chapter describes the different types of repeated elements and how these elements can impact genome and gene repertoire. Also, an intriguing link between the TEs richness and diversity and the ecological niche are highlighted. The length of the motif is used to classify satellites in three groups: microsatellites (1-6 nucleotides), minisatellites (7-100 nucleotides), and satellites (more than 100 nucleotides).
Murat, C., Payen, T., Petitpierre, D. and Labbé, J. (2013) Repeated Elements in Filamentous Fungi with a Focus on Wood-Decay Fungi, in The Ecological Genomics of Fungi (ed F. Martin), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118735893.ch2